Byrd, William

(1543, Lincoln ?, England – 4 July 1623, Stondon Massey, Essex)
   Great master of high Renaissance polyphony, he was appointed Organist and Master of the Choristers at Lincoln Cathedral from 25 March 1563, Gentleman of the Chapel Royal from February 1570, joint organist from December 1572 with Thomas Tallis, with whom he published his first Latin motets, the Cantiones of 1575.
   Although a Roman Catholic, he composed more than 65 English anthems; in later years, he composed mostly for the Catholic rites, an act that demanded discretion. His most famous works today, the Latin masses for three voices (c. 1592–1593), four voices (c. 1593– 1594), and five voices (c. 1595), he printed in limited editions with-out title pages. They exhibit a consummate mastery of contrapuntal technique and make no use of cantus firmus, paraphrase, or parody technique, but are freely composed, unusual for the time. After 1590, he undertook the immense project of setting an entire liturgical cycle of mass propers for feast days, the Gradualia. Byrd also composed six fantasies and five preludes and other liturgical pieces for keyboard and a significant amount of secular vocal and instrumental music. He exercised an enormous influence on English music; among his students were Thomas Morley and Thomas Tomkins, and possibly Thomas Weelkes and John Bull.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Byrd,William — Byrd, William. 1674 1744. American planter and colonial official whose diaries (written in shorthand) provide a rare and humorous account of daily life in pre Revolutionary Virginia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Byrd, William — • Article examining life, sacred and secular music, and related composers Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Byrd, William — born 1543, Lincoln, Lincolnshire?, Eng. died July 4, 1623, Stondon Massey, Essex British composer. He studied under Thomas Tallis and was appointed organist of Lincoln Cathedral at age 20. In 1572 he became organist of the Chapel Royal, sharing… …   Universalium

  • BYRD, William — (c. 1543 1623) William Byrd was one of the most prominent composers of sixteenth century England; in addition, he was known as a versatile musician, able to perform on many instruments. He probably began his musical career as a choirboy, either… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Byrd, William — (c. 1543–1623)    Composer.    Byrd was probably a native of Lincolnshire. Although a practising Roman Catholic, he became organist of Lincoln Cathedral in 1563 and moved to the Chapel Royal in 1570. He has been described as the ‘father of the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Byrd, William — (1540 1623)    English composer, born in London and probably trained in the Chapel Royal under Thomas Tallis. He became organist and choirmaster at Lincoln cathedral (1563 1572), and in 1572 he was named a gentleman of the Chapel Royal and… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Byrd, William — ► (1543 1623) Compositor polifónico inglés. Fue organista de la Capilla Real y autor de música sacra, madrigales, etc. * * * (1543, Lincoln, ¿Lincolnshire?, Inglaterra–4 jul. 1623, Stondon Massey, Essex). Compositor británico. Estudió con Thomas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Byrd, William, of Westover — ▪ American colonial diarist born March 28, 1674, Virginia Colony died Aug. 26, 1744, Westover, Va.  Virginia planter, satirist, and diarist who portrayed colonial life on the southern British plantations.       His birthplace was the James River… …   Universalium

  • William Byrd — (c. 1540 ndash; 4 July 1623) was an English composer of the Renaissance. He cultivated many of the forms current in England at the time, including various types of sacred and secular polyphony, keyboard and consort music ProvenanceOur knowledge… …   Wikipedia

  • William Byrd — William Byrd. William Byrd (hacia 1543 4 de julio de 1623), hijo de Thomas Byrd. Fue el compositor inglés más famoso de los últimos años de la época de los Tudor (Isabel I de Inglaterra) y de la primera época de los Estuardo (Jacobo I de… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.